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1 Subjects, sources and sovereignty
1.1 Subject of international law
Which 2 qualities do subjects of international law have?··Legal person
·Entity capable of possessing and exercising rights and duties
Name 5 subjects of international law.oStates à major subjects
NAme 5 legal criteria for a state·Possess permanent population
·Government à power over the state
·Capacity to enter in relation with other states
·Sovereignty à no need to accept any authority from above or from anybody else unless they choose to do so.
In which 3 situations do new states originate?oFormer colonial territory
oFormerly disputed territory independence through self determination
oNew administration (e.g. civil war)
What is the declartoy theory about? (4)oStatehood is a fact
oRecognition only recognizes that fact
oRecognition is not needed to become a state
oStates have no obligation to recognize each other
What is the consitutive theory about?oAct of recognition is a necessary precondition of statehood
Name 4 types of changes in statehood.·Secession
oReduced territory peacefully or war
oDistinction with secession: colonies based elsewhere in the world
·Merge or unite (e.g. Germany)
oTotal break-up (e.g. Yugoslavia)
What is an international organisation?Entity established and governed by an international agreement among subjects of international law to fulfil tasks in the common interest with its own organs.
Why are international organisations established?·Founded because of international cooperation to resolve pressing political, economic and social problems.
What did the ICJ ruled in the reparations case about attribution?·ICJ ruled that attributes of international legal personality are implied by thee provisions in the constitutive treaty (reparations case).
·International organisations are considered to have such rights, powers and privileges as are necessary to enable them to exercise those functions and nothing more.