# Summary: Scientific And Statistical Reasoning And Psychological Testing

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## Read the summary and the most important questions on scientific and statistical reasoning and psychological testing

• ### college 2

This is a preview. There are 2 more flashcards available for chapter 05/09/2019

• #### What steps are taken during the deduction step in the empirical cycle?

• An expectation/prediction is formed based on the general rule created
• operationalisation takes place
• ### reasoning college 2

This is a preview. There are 18 more flashcards available for chapter 06/09/2019

• #### What are the benchmarks of rationality?

• Logical benchmark
• probabilistic benchmark
• rational decision benchmark
• #### Which benchmark of rationality is described; Consistency of belief, making deductively valid inferences.

The logical benchmark
• #### Which benchmark of rationality is described; the extend to which you think something is going to happen, is i line with the evidence of the chance that it is going to happen.

The probabilistic benchmark
• #### Which benchmark of rationality is described; consistency in your choices and preferences.

The rational decision benchmark
• #### Describe how the modus tollens works

If p then q
not q, therefor not p
• #### Describe affirming the consequent.

If p, then q
q, therefor p
invalid, q can still exist without p.
• #### Describe denying the antecedent.

If p, then q
not p, therefor not q.
invalid, q can still exist without p.
• #### When people have to check a rule with the wason card selection task, when do they perform best?

With real life examples compared to abstract examples.
• #### Of what is this an example;p1. If you don't eat your vegetables, you get no dessert.p2. I ate all my vegetables.c. I get dessert.

Conversational implicature