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  • 1 Introduction

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  • What is the definition of wildlife management?

    Making decisions and taking actions to manipulate the structure, dynamics, and relations of populations, habitats and people to achieve specific human objectives by means of the wildlife populations.
  • What are the biggest aspects of wildlife resource management?

    • Conservation
    • Control
    • Sustainable harvest
  • What can low genetic diversity lead to?

    Low genetic diversity can reduce population viability and reduce resistance to diseases.
  • Does climate change lead to extinction?

    There is no evidence yet that climate change is a direct cause of extinction but it is definitely expected to have negative (indirect) effects in the future.
  • 1.1 Article

  • What are the greatest threats to species biodiversity and extinction?

    • Human population density
    • Species richness
  • What can and should be done to prevent and reduce threats to global biodiversity?

    - More conservation efforts
    - Proactive politics
    • Shifts in agricultural practices
    • Increased agricultural trade
    • Improvised land-use planning
  • 2 Overexploitation

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  • What are the 5 main biodiversity threats?

    • Habitat change (land-use change, agriculture, development, habitat loss, fragmentation)
    • Over-exploitation (e.g hunting)
    • Invasive species
    • Climate changes
    • Pollution
  • What are different types of overexploitation?

    • Oceans: fishing
    • Wildlife: hunting and poaching
    • Forests (degradation): timber extraction, logging, charcoal production
    • Forest loss (forest itself not exploited): agriculture
    • Road building and urbanization
  • What are the non-exhaustive ecosystem services of forests?

    • Wood and non-wood production like timber and food
    • Climate regulation
    • Carbon storage
    • Pollution control
    • Erosion control
    • Nutrients cycling
    • Recreation
    • Water regulation and supply
  • What is the main reason for loss for each forest type?

    • Tropical forest: agriculture and urbanization
    • Subtropical and temperate forest: forestry dynamics 
    • Taiga forest: fires and forestry dynamics
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