A snapshot of the summary - The Sociology of Organizations
1 Organizations as rational systems I
How can organizations be definited?
- A. deliberately planned groups
- B. with some specific apparent goal or go goals
- C. generally designed to outlive the participation of the particular individuals who participate at any one time
- D. having a more or less well-developed set of formal rules and
- E. a relatively fixed structure of authority, roles, and responsibilities that is independent of the personal charcteristics those filling the roles at any paritcular time
Weber compared modern bureaucratic authority what other kinds of authority?Charismatic and traditional
Weber predicted that socialist economies would be even more bureaucratic, why?A planned economy requires collection of more technical knowledge than market economies and tries to exercise more conscious and directive control over the economy through government planning.
One of the flaws of Webers work:Sometimes, Weber suggests that bureaucratic authority is based on position in the hierarchy of command but other times he suggests it is based on expert knowledge
What is line management?A clear hierarchy of authority from the chief executive to division, department or plant managers and first-line supervisors, and is responsible for the organization's core activities such as production.
What is staff (management) ?It provides advice, support and control in areas such as research and development, personnel and accounting.
How did Fayol describe the b
ureaucraticorganization?A division of labor and specializationof function allows administrators to develop specialized knowledge and proficiencyin their tasks. A chain of authority ensures coördination, discipline and constancyof purpose.
What is restriction of output?Small work groups use peer pressure to enforce a moderate work pace on all their members to make sure there would be no speed up without pay (rate cutting)
1.1.1 1. Bureaucracy and Legitimate Authority (1924)
The three pure types of autority (weber)
- Rational grounds
- Traditional grounds
- Charismatic grounds
There are 3 pure types of legitimate domination. The validity of the claims to legitimacy may be based on:1. Rational grounds, 2. Traditional grounds or 3. Charismatic grounds
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