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Summary The Sociology of Organizations

- Michael J Handel
ISBN-10 0761987665 ISBN-13 9780761987666
297 Flashcards & Notes
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A snapshot of the summary - The Sociology of Organizations Author: Michael J Handel ISBN: 9780761987666

  • 1 Organizations as rational systems I

  • How can organizations be definited?
    • A. deliberately planned groups 
    • B. with some specific apparent goal or go goals
    • C. generally designed to outlive the participation of the particular individuals who participate at any one time
    • D. having a more or less well-developed set of formal rules and
    • E. a relatively fixed structure of authority, roles, and responsibilities that is independent of the personal charcteristics those filling the roles at any paritcular time
  • Weber compared modern bureaucratic authority what other kinds of authority?
    Charismatic and traditional
  • Weber predicted that socialist economies would be even more bureaucratic, why?
    A planned economy requires collection of more technical knowledge than market economies and tries to exercise more conscious and directive control over the economy through government planning.
  • One of the flaws of Webers work:
    Sometimes, Weber suggests that bureaucratic authority is based on position in the hierarchy of command but other times he suggests it is based on expert knowledge
  • What is line management?
    A clear hierarchy of authority from the chief executive to division, department or plant managers and first-line supervisors, and is responsible for the organization's core activities such as production.
  • What is staff (management) ?
    It provides advice, support and control in areas such as research and development, personnel and accounting.
  • How did Fayol describe the bureaucratic organization?
    A division of labor and specialization of function allows administrators to develop specialized knowledge and proficiency in their tasks. A chain of authority ensures coördination, discipline and constancy of purpose.
  • What is restriction of output?
    Small work groups use peer pressure to enforce a moderate work pace on all their members to make sure there would be no speed up without pay (rate cutting)
  • 1.1.1 1. Bureaucracy and Legitimate Authority (1924)

  • The three pure types of autority (weber)
    1. Rational grounds
    2. Traditional grounds
    3. Charismatic grounds
  • There are 3 pure types of legitimate domination. The validity of the claims to legitimacy may be based on:
    1. Rational grounds, 2. Traditional grounds or 3. Charismatic grounds
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