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A snapshot of the summary - The Transnational Studies Reader Intersections and Innovations
2 Transnational Relations and World Politics : An introduction
What are transnational interactions?
''transnational interactions" is our term to describe the movement of tangible or intangible items across state boundaries when at least one actor is not an agent of a government or an intergovernmental organization. (p. 25)
What have students and practitioners of IR initially concentrated on?Relationship of states
What is the basic unit of action?The state, regarded as an actor with purposes and power
Who are the diplomats and soldiers?The main agents of the state
What is the role of the interplay of governmental policies?It
producesa pattern of behavior that students try to understand and practitionerstry to adjust to or to control
What is the most distinguishing mark of politics among nations?Force, violence, and threats are at the core of the interplay of government policies.
In a state-centric perspective what shapes the environment?The environment in which states act, is influenced by geography, technology and domestic politics.
They provide inputs into the interstate system but for considerations of analytical convenience are considered to be outside of the system
Wolfers, 1962 p. 23" TheVatican, the Arabian-Americanoil componyand a number of other non-state entitiescan affect the course of international events"
"When this happens, these
entitiesbecome actors in the international arena and competitorsof the nation-state."
"There ability to operate as international actors may be
tracedto the fact that men identify themselves and their interests with corporate bodies rather then the nation state."
On which two aspects of international relations do the authors focus on?Transnational interactions and organizations
analyzing some of their effects on interstate politics
2.2 Transnational Interactions and Organizations
Interactions (most general sense)Movements of information, money, physical objects, people, or other tangibleitems across state boundaries.
1. Communication (information)
3. Finance (money)
4. Travel (people)