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Summary Understanding Global Conflict and Cooperation An Introduction to Theory and History

- Joseph S Nye
ISBN-10 129202318X ISBN-13 9781292023182
231 Flashcards & Notes
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A snapshot of the summary - Understanding Global Conflict and Cooperation An Introduction to Theory and History Author: Joseph S Nye ISBN: 9781292023182

  • 1 Are There Enduring Logics of Cooperation in World Politics?

  • 1.1 What is international politics?

  • What is a world imperial system?
    A basic form of world government in which one government controls most of the world with which it has contact => Roman Empire
  • What is the feudal system?
    A basic form of world government in which human loyalties and political obligations are not fixed primarily by territorial boundaries; feodaal
  • What is an anarchic system of states?
    A form of world government composed of states that are relatively cohesive but with no higher government above them => today
  • What are the three main differences between domestic and international politics?
    Domestic law is relatively clear and consistent, force plays a different role and they differ in their underlying sense of community
  • What is international politics defined as?
    As politics in the absence of a common sovereign or politics among entities with no ruler above them = Anarchic -> its a self - help system

    Consequently, danger exists that another state may use force due to this self - help realm and because some states are stronger
    - Some argue that the balance of power is usually determined by a leading (or hegemonic) state
  • 1.1.1 Differing views on anarchic politics

  • What is the most-heared critic on realists by liberals?
    It misses the growth of economic interdependence and the evolution of a transnational global society
  • What is the dependency theory?
    The prediction that the wealthy countries in the centre of the global marketplace will control and hold back poorer countries on the periphery
  • What is the realism view on anarchy?
    As the dominant theory that sees war and the use of force as the central problem of international politics, and the central actors are individual states

    - They are pessimistic and stress continuity, the central problem of international politics is war and the use of force, and states as central actors
    - International politics is about protecting the state from others
    - Liberalist overstate the difference between domestic and international politics 
    - Keep armies even in times of peace
  • What do constructivists think of IR?
    Liberalism and realism both fail to explain long-term changed the emphasize the importance of ideas and culture in shaping international politics
  • What is liberalism in terms of international politics? View on anarchy
    They see a global society that functions alongside states and sets an important part of the context for state action with a lot of cooperation and liberty

    - More optimistic and stress change
    - They argue that nature of international politics is changing, the differences between domestic and international politics will blur
    - Realists focus too much on extreme situaties, underestimate the importance of such things as growth of economic interdependece and the evolution of transnational global society, powerful forces for peace
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