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Summary Understanding Motivation and Emotion

- J Reeve
ISBN-10 1119510260 ISBN-13 9781119510260
65 Flashcards & Notes
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A snapshot of the summary - Understanding Motivation and Emotion Author: J Reeve ISBN: 9781119510260

  • 4 Physiological needs

  • 4.1.1 3 types of needs

  • Distinction psychological needs and implicit motives?
    Psychological needs exist within all people. In contrast, implicit motives very from person to person, as they arise from our personal experiences
  • 4.2 Fundamentals of regulation

  • Seven core processes of regulation
    1. Need
    2. Drive
    3. homeostasis
    4. negative feedback
    5. multiple input/ multiple outputs
    6. intraorganismic mechanisms
    7. extraorganismic mechanisms
  • 4.2.2 Physiological drive

  • What is physiological drive?
    The conscious manifestation of an underlying unconscious physiological need
  • 4.2.4 Negative feedback

  • What is meant by negative feedback concerning physiological needs?
    The stop system (striving for homeostasis)
  • 4.2.5 Multiple inputs/ multiple outputs

  • What do we mean by multiple input and outputs concerning physiological needs?
    Drive arises from a number of different sources and motivates a number of different goal directed behaviour until the need is satisfied
  • 4.2.6 intraorganismic mechanisms

  • What are intraorganismic mechanisms and why are they important for physiological needs?
    all the biological regulatory systems that act in concert to activate, maintain, and terminate the biological needs that underlie drive.
  • What are the three main parts of the intraorganismic mechanisms?
    1. Brain structures
    2. endocrine system
    3. bodily organs
  • What does the study of intraorganismic mechanisms focus on?
    How do internal physiological event cause biological needs?
  • 4.2.7 Extraorganismic mechanisms

  • What are extraorganismic mechanisms and why are they important in physiological needs?
    all the environmental influences that play a part in activating, maintaining, and terminating psychological drive
  • What are four main categories in extraorganismic mechanisms?
    1. cognition
    2. environment
    3. social influences
    4. cultural influences
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