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Summary vragen aan de hand van leerdoelen

- European law
- Ankersmith
- 2020 - 2021
- Universiteit van Amsterdam
- Rechtsgeleerdheid
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A snapshot of the summary - vragen aan de hand van leerdoelen


  • 1.1.2 nationalism and the origins of the EU

  • What was the reason for the formation of the United Nations in 1945?
    It was to reduce the possibility of another conflict like WWII.
  • 1.1.3 from ESC to EEC

  • Why did France want to share coal and steel resources with Germany?
    It had economic reasons but it was in a large part political. Coal and steel were the most important materials for waging war. By sharing resources, France could keep an eye on Germany. This led to the ECSC.
  • 1.1.4 from EEC to Single European Act

  • What were the important developments before SEA?
    • Community gained new member states. 
    • There was tension between intergovernmental view (France) and supranational view (president of Community) on the Community. 
    • European Council wasn't in framework until SEA.
  • What changes dit the Single European Act (SEA) make (1986)?
    SEA came into effect in 1987. It made a number of institutional changes:

    • Gave legal basis to European Political Cooperation and formal recognition to European Council.
    • Court of First Instance created to assist CoJ.
    • Comitology procedure enabled Council to delegate powers to the Commission. 
    • SEA started transformation in role of EP. Commission now had to take seriously the views of EP in areas where cooperation procedure applied.
  • 1.1.5 From Sea to Nice treaty

  • What happend with the Treaty Of Maastricht?
    The adoption of the Treaty on European Union (TEU) was signed. This introduced the 'three-pillar' structure.
    • Pillar I: Community Pillar
    • Pillar II: The Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP); member states needed to inform and consult eachother on matter of common foreign and security policy of general interest. This was intergovernmental
    • Pillar III: The Justice and Home Affairs (JHA); originally governed policies like asylum and immigration. This was intergovernmental. 
  • What happend with the Amsterdam Treaty (1997)?
    This was a modest reform. It also declared that the EU should respect fundamental rights. Main changes:

    • New numbering of Treaty Articles.
    • Pillar III renamed 'Police and Judicial Cooperation in Criminal Matters'. Also changes pillar's contend into more criminal matters. 
    • Preparations were made for enlargement of the Community. 
  • What happend with the Treaty of Nice (2000)?
    • This aimed at further enlargement of the EU. 
    • Made changes to the EC Treaty relating to institutional changes like distribution of seats in EP.
  • 1.1.6 From Nice to Lisbon

  • What was the Laeken declaration (2001)?
    This committed the Union to become more democratic, transparent and effective. Was used to draw up the Charter of Rights.
  • What was the Constitutional Treaty (2003)?
    This was an idea to draft a 'Constitution for Europe'. It didn't go through because France and the Netherlands held a referenda in their country and it got rejected. The constitution never became law. However a great majority was taken over in the Lisbon Treaty.
  • What was the Lisbon Treaty (2009)?
    This was the end of the 'Three-pillar structure'. EU replaced the EC.
    Treaty had seven articles:

    • art. 1 amended TEU, contained principles that govern the EU and revised provisions concerning CFSP and enhanced cooperation.
    • art. 2 amended EC treaty, which was renamed 'Treaty of the Functioning of the European Union'. 

    Therefore the EU is found on the TEU and TFEU. 
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