Restoration, reform and revolution, 1814-1848 - restoration and reaction, 1814-1830 - the congress of vienna, 1814-1815

5 important questions on Restoration, reform and revolution, 1814-1848 - restoration and reaction, 1814-1830 - the congress of vienna, 1814-1815

What were the goals of the congress

the goal of the congress were plural
-create a system to prevent future wars like the napoleonic war
-divide territories in a benificial way to the great powers
-restoring overthrown rulers like the french monarchy of Louis 16, who was replaced by louis 18
-surround france by buffer states to prevent another war
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What changes couldn't be undone?

-napoleon had consolidated italy and germany
-the german states formed a loose confederation
-italy's free states were reduced to 9
-france could no longer be ruled by an absolute monarch
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How were the territories divided to create buffer zones?

-belgium was given to the netherlands
-a new italian kingdom was created, piedmont-sardinia
-austria got venetia and lombardy to strengthen them
-prussia was allowed to annex parts of saxony, posen and danzig in return for giving up parts of poland
-brittain was given colonies and naval outposts
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Who was the leader of the congress?

prince clemens von metternich (1772-1859) represented austria as foreign minister and he held great influence over the proceedings
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What was the concert of europe?

the concert of europe existed of austria, russia, prussie, france and brittain and was meant to maintain a balance of power and prevent another large scale european war through negotiations
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