The age of optimism, 1850-1880 - culture in an age of optimism - educational and cultural opportunities

3 important questions on The age of optimism, 1850-1880 - culture in an age of optimism - educational and cultural opportunities

Why did the second reform bill spur a movement to ensure education?

the second reform bill expanded suffrage, granting it to some workers as  well. since the most important thing for a democracy is a well-informed electorate, a movement began to ensure that new voters were educated. they set standards for primary education and made it mandatory
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What about secondary education?

secondary education wasn't mandatory and wasn't subsidized. therefore, only the rich and some of the lower middle class attended universities
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What other institutions spread knowledge?

the 19th century saw a rise in the number of libraries and museums became more accessible to the general public, putting people into contact with the history of their country
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