The industrial transformation of europe, 1750-1850 - preconditions for industrialization

9 important questions on The industrial transformation of europe, 1750-1850 - preconditions for industrialization

What change in population helped facilitate the industrial revolution?

the population grew and needed labor for food production decreased
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What changes in agriculture facilitated this?

new technology, knowledge and crops increased food productivity, efficiency and therefore, less hands were required to produce more food
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What changes in health care also helped?

the mortality rate sinificantly dropped due to improvements in hygene and food, making people more resilient to disease
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What was the putting-out-system?

the putting-out-system was the system where people took part in production in their own home, often having their own job in production. one household would take up a part of production and a second household the next part. entrepeneurs utilized families with above average quality or skill at certain tasks to improve overall quality, increasing profit, allowing the buildup of wealth to improve investments
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Why was brittain first to start their industrial revolution?

brittain had a lead because they had wealth from trade, a standard currency, tax and tarrifs and movement between classes was possible. they had territories, providing a market to sell to and a source for materials. they had a national bank, providing loans and investements
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What geographical factors aided brittains lead?

brittain had large deposits of coal and iron in close proximity to each other, used to process iron, and plenty of waterways to transport goods. there were very few tollroads, allowing transport of goods
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How did population growth help?

the population grew significantly due to good harvests from 1750 to 1800. these people formed a large worlkforce and since fewer farmers were needed, more people moved to the city. they also provided a larger demand, creating a larger need for products
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What mentality proved useful in advancements in science?

brittain allowed religious discent, challenging the system, this could also be applied to production
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What is the theory of Malthus?

Malthus argues that there is a point where the population is bigger than the food supply, causing hunger and food shortage. He also argues that this problem will correct itself, people will die due to hunger and the population therefore decreases again.
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